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One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain sustainable optimal health for the ecosystem*. It is a cultural and behavioral concept with socioeconomic elements and impact.

*a biological community of living organisms (humans, animals, plants, and microbes) and their physical environment interacting as a system

One Health, the Breast Cancer Connection

Exposure to Bovine Leukemia Virus Is Associated with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study

Age, reproductive history, hormones, genetics, and lifestyle are known risk factors for breast cancer, but the agents that initiate cellular changes from normal to malignant are not understood. Bovine leukemia virus (BLV), a common oncogenic virus of cattle, has been detected in the breast epithelium of humans. The objective of this study was to determine whether the presence of BLV DNA in human mammary epithelium is associated with breast cancer.

To read more on this study, visit the PLOS ONE Journal.